Model Rural Health Research Unit (MRHRU)
Model Rural Health Research Unit (MRHRU)
To provide better health care facilities to the people living at the peripheral regions, the Department through MRHRU envisages to ensure that the modern technology is available to the general public. To bridge the gap, Department of Health Research (DHR) has developed a scheme for the 12th Plan period to ‘Establish Model Rural Health Research Units(MRHRUs) in the States, under the initiative of infrastructure development for health research in the country. The MRHRU will be an interface between patient, health providers and health research to provide latest / sophisticated technology for diagnosis and management of diseases in rural areas. The activity will be entirely supported by DHR for its sustenance. In total, 12 MRHRUs has been established till now. Each MRHRU will be linked to the nearest ICMR institute to mentor and guide the research activities of MRHRU relevant to local needs. In South India it has been established in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
OBJECTIVE OF THE SCHEME:
· Create infrastructure at the periphery for transfer of technology to the rural level for improving the quality of health services to rural population.
· To ensure an interface between the new technology developers (Researchers in the Medical Institutions; State or Centre), health systems operators (Centre or state health services) and the beneficiaries (communities in rural areas)
· Ensure the much needed geographical spread of health research infrastructure in the Country
· Research program will focus on disease profile of the area and strategies for transfer of existing technologies to the end user will be evolved.
MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF THE MRHRU
The Model Rural Health Research Units (MRHRUs) would be required to develop necessary expertise to positively impact the health systems and services being provided to the common man. The mechanism would also empower state system to actively decide their agenda based on proper intervention at public health level and assess the effect of interventions. To meet this objective, The MRHRUs would, inter alia, undertake the following functions:
· To develop State/area specific models depending upon the disease profile, topography, morbidity patterns and local conditions for transfer of the technology for providing better health care services to the rural masses by supporting and undertaking relevant research on local health issues as per the priorities identified by the State Govt. in close coordination with State health authorities. Special focus will be given to tribal areas, hilly terrain, and remote areas.
· To create a state-wide research capability within the context of building the National Research Infrastructure, including training the health professionals of State Health System to enable them to carry out health research in the use of modern technologies and to replicate the models at local level.
· To facilitate the transfer of appropriate technologies, existing and new, to make them available and accessible to target populations.
· To undertake various research projects in close coordination with the State Government Institutions and others that are relevant and beneficial to the rural population.
· These Units would function in an operational research mode and would serve as model units to transfer the technology to the state system for its applicability and feasibility in the rural settings. These units will undertake/translate the research under the basic, applied and clinical discipline for the use of population in that area.
· The Model Rural Health Research Unit, Chandragiri will provide technical assistance, information, tools and resources for the improvement of rural health care system in the southern districts of Andhra Pradesh. It will serve as a rural health knowledge center in Andhra Pradesh and strive to build the states medical research and health training capacity. The Model Rural Health Research Unit at Chandragiri will be the premier national resource for rural health information, education, clinical and diagnostic expertise, quality empowerment, technical and research assistance in rural Andhra Pradesh and will serve as a definite catalyst for improved health care delivery in the rural communities in this part of the country.